It’s a progressive vision disorder affecting the thinning and irregularities of the cornea of the eyes. As the cornea thins out it starts to bulge outward into a cone shape. It results in distorted vision and significant vision impairment.
Keratoconus is generally first diagnosed at puberty and progresses through mid-30s. It can only be detected during a routine eye exam. The optometrist will measure the curvature and thickness of the cornea if they find any suspicious aspect of Keratoconus occurring in the patient.
The causes are actually unknown, but it is known to be hereditary.
Keratoconus is associated with:
Often it affects both eyes and symptoms may differ in each.
There are several treatment plans that can be done depending on what your optometrist suggest is best. Specialty contact lenses are fitted by optometrists and surgical procedures would be done by an ophthalmologist.
Different treatment plans: